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LIGNO Feb 1, 2020 Materials 0 Comments

Grenadil, African Blackwood

This wood is one of the most expensive on the planet. The color of dense, shiny wood varies from red to pure black. Usually, Grenadil is sawn into small logs, leaving a bright yellow sapwood to avoid cracking during prolonged drying. It is mainly used for making musical instruments. However, now it is an endangered species that is classified as a flowering plant and usually grows in the arid regions of Tanzania and Mozambique. To grow into an adult, a tree needs up to 60 years.

Agar Wood

Agar wood is a valuable plant found in tropical forests of Southeast Asia. Oil is extracted from it, the aroma of which belongs to the group of aphrodisiacs and is valued more than gold. One of the main reasons for the rarity and high cost of agarwood is the depletion of wild resources. Agar wood is mined on special plantations in the jungle. The resulting wood, after drying, can immediately be used for fumigation of premises, as a smell, or as a raw material for producing fish oil. Global agar prices can range from $ 20 to $ 30,000 per kilogram for wood chips, depending on its quality. In addition, the cost of agar tree essential oil can reach $ 30,000 per kilogram.

Black wood (Ebony)

The wood has a very beautiful texture, but heavy enough for processing. Due to the combination of a limited growth environment, slow growth and high demand, wood is a rare species. This is one of the most expensive types of wood in the world. Ebony is a very hard and heavy wood species. The wood has a black color, often with various shades, it is poorly pricked, well polished. Used for finishing expensive furniture, making musical instruments, colored flooring, inlays.


Sandalwood is associated with aromatic wood and is one of the most expensive in the world. This unique tree contains several natural oils belonging to the wood genus in the Santalum family. Sandalwood oil has a characteristic sweet, woody smell, which is widely used in the perfume industry, in particular in the manufacture of expensive perfumes. Sandalwood has the ability to preserve its flavor for many years.

Pink Ivory

Pink Ivory – a rare exotic wood species from South Africa. The palette of shades is unusual: from the delicate color of a faded rose to a watermelon and a deep purple tone. Of particular value is the bright pink sound wood with neon glow. Pink Ivory wood is extremely durable and rot resistant. Pink ivory is used to make jewelry, billiard cues, canes, knife handles, musical instruments, luxury goods. The best specimens go to veneer for inlays.

Iron wood (Lignum vitae)

Iron wood (Lignum Vitae) the name of a number of species of tropical and subtropical trees of the genus Guaiacum, included in the group under the general name "iron tree". In nature, an iron tree is extremely rare. Their wood is characterized by high hardness, strength and high density. The name Lignum Vitae means “tree of life” in Latin, due to its use in folk medicine. Wood is used in mechanical engineering, for the manufacture of art products, and decorative plywood. Wood is one of the most expensive in the world due to its strength and density.

Amaranth, Purple Heart

The most uniquely colored wood is the purple heart. Immediately after the cut, amaranth wood is gray-brown, but under the influence of air it soon acquires a rich purple color, for which it is appreciated. This effect can be minimized by UV protection. Commercial breeds of this group are widespread throughout the tropical region of America.


This type of tree is found throughout the tropical zone: in South America, Africa (including Madagascar) and Southeast Asia. In the genus Dalbergia, not only trees are represented, but also shrubs. Many species of the genus give valuable wood, common name rosewood. Different types of rosewood have their own unique names. So, the wood of Dalbergia retusa is known as cocobolo, Dalbergia decipularis – rosewood and the like. Among others, wood of the Dalbergia melanoxylon species, called Grenada, or African ebony, stands out.


Bubinga wood is a valuable species. Hard and dense wood has distinct annual rings and usually has a beautiful texture due to the frequent change of fiber growth direction and other growth deviations. Elite furniture, decorative veneer, musical instruments are made from ancient woods, and they are used in the lining of rooms, cars and aircraft. Bark is used in folk medicine.

Bocote, Cordia (Bocote, Cordia)

Bocote is a fairly rare tree growing in the Caribbean, Mexico and South America. The wood is characterized by an unusual beautiful texture with brown-black stains in the general background, which range from greenish yellow to golden brown, with beautiful dark stripes, often consist of unusual patterns. Often there is a bird eye pattern. Unlike knots and knots, these formations are processed quite well. Wood has a characteristic oily sheen. Handled well, somewhat resinous. Heavy, solid, stable. Bocote wood is used in the manufacture of handles for hand-forged knives, custom-made hunting rifle butts, exclusive acoustic guitar covers, for the manufacture of professional billiard cues, and for the decoration of expensive furniture.


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